Stainless Steel Flanges: Their Types and Applications

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Stainless steel flanges are mechanical components used to connect pipes, valves, pumps, and other equipment in various industries. They provide a strong and leak-resistant joint between two components. Stainless steel flanges are particularly popular due to their corrosion resistance and durability, making them suitable for a wide range of applications. Here are some common types of stainless steel flanges and their applications:

**1. Weld Neck Flange:**

- Applications: Petrochemical, oil and gas, chemical processing, power generation, and high-pressure systems.

- Features: Has a long tapered neck that is welded to the pipe, offering excellent strength and integrity in high-pressure applications.

**2. Slip-On Flange:**

- Applications: Low-pressure and non-critical applications such as water supply systems, fire protection, and general industrial use.

- Features: Easy to align and install, sliding over the pipe, and then welded in place.

**3. Socket Weld Flange:**

- Applications: For small-size, high-pressure systems like steam lines, chemical processes, and hydraulic systems.

- Features: Socket weld flanges have a socket to insert the pipe into, and they are then fillet-welded for a strong connection.

**4. Blind Flange:**

- Applications: Used to seal the end of a piping system or vessel to prevent flow or allow future expansion.

- Features: Has no bore and is used to cap off or close the end of a piping system.

**5. Threaded Flange:**

- Applications: For low-pressure, non-critical applications, and where the pipe can be screwed directly into the flange.

- Features: Contains internal threads that match the external threads on the pipe.

**6. Lap Joint Flange:**

- Applications: Used with stub-end fittings in systems requiring frequent dismantling or where rotation of flanges is needed.

- Features: Consists of two components: a stub end that is welded to the pipe and a loose backing flange that slides over the pipe end.

**7. Orifice Flange:**

- Applications: Commonly used in flow metering systems to measure the flow rate of liquids or gases.

- Features: Contains a small precision-machined orifice that provides a restriction to the flow.

**8. Spectacle Blind Flange:**

- Applications: Used in piping systems where periodic isolation is required.

- Features: A combination of a blind flange and a spacer ring, allowing easy visual inspection or access to the pipeline.

Stainless steel flanges are utilized in industries such as oil and gas, petrochemical, chemical processing, water treatment, power generation, pharmaceuticals, food processing, and various other sectors where corrosion resistance, strength, and reliability are essential. When selecting the appropriate flange type, it's crucial to consider the specific requirements of the application, including pressure, temperature, material compatibility, and environmental factors.

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